What are the various surgical techniques for wisdom tooth removal?

Wisdom tooth removal is a surgical procedure that involves removing one or more of the patient’s 3rd molars (the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of the mouth, at the top and bottom). There are many reasons to have wisdom teeth removed, such as the risk of infection or lack of space. For these reasons, wisdom teeth extraction is highly recommended.

Wisdom tooth extraction must be performed by a dentist or maxillofacial surgeon who can use the right surgical approach.

A preoperative evaluation will determine the appropriate surgical technique

Before proceeding with the removal of one or more wisdom teeth, a preoperative evaluation that will allow the dentist to determine the complexity of the operation they will have to perform is important.

They can therefore start with a visual examination followed by x-rays. Understanding all the anatomical features of the patient’s jaw will allow the dentist to determine whether they should entrust a maxillofacial surgeon with the task of removing the wisdom teeth instead. These professionals have the skills needed to perform more complex extractions.

During consultation with an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, the specialist can determine whether a 3D X-ray is necessary to properly evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth. This technology helps with the planning of complex cases and is used to investigate the presence of lesions linked to wisdom teeth.

All procedures to remove wisdom teeth require anesthesia

The dentist or maxillofacial surgeon can use different types of anesthesia to ensure that the patient feels absolutely no pain during the surgical procedure. The method is chosen based on the complexity of extracting the wisdom tooth, the patient’s general health and the level of comfort the patient wants.

Local anesthesia

One or more injections are given near the wisdom teeth to be removed. The patient remains awake during dental extraction and may feel some pressure and movement, but no pain.

Anesthesia with sedation

In addition to being under local anesthesia, the patient receives an intravenous (IV) sedative. Sedative anesthesia is designed to reduce the stress and discomfort a patient could experience with their surgery. Generally, the sedatives used will not only reduce anxiety, but also cause drowsiness and amnesia for the duration of the procedure.

General anesthesia

In some situations, general anesthesia may also be offered. The patient inhales the medication through the nose or receives it intravenously. He then loses consciousness, feels no pain and will have no memory of the procedure. This approach is done in a hospital by a maxillofacial surgeon and the medical anesthesia team. It is reserved for patients that require special care.

Wisdom tooth removal at Clinique MFML

Since there are several surgical techniques for removing wisdom teeth, it is recommended to consult a specialist who is trained to deal with all possible situations and who will be able to use the technique that best suits the patient’s needs.

We welcome you to contact our team at Clinique MFML as soon as you feel discomfort in your jaw. After a consultation, we will provide you with answers to your questions and recommend the appropriate surgical procedure.

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